Archive for the ‘Motor – Gearbox’ Category

XS650: Vibratirry Bowels   Leave a comment

Was cruising through fleabay and found this: …


Pro-1 Racing is now offering ISOTROPIC FINISH services on YAMAHA XS 650 Motorcycle Transmission . Note this is a machine shop service on your transmission. Isotropic Finishing is not a polish process but a super finishing procedure. This process is a two stage chemical process to produce a super finish know as an Isotropic Finish. The first step is a chemical interaction with the metal where a film that is 1 micron thick or 1/100000in. The parts interact with the ceramic media and a vibratirry bowel. The second step is also a chemical reaction that produces the super finish know as the Isotropic Super Finish. This two step process takes about 4-6 hours in each step with a total time of 10-12 hours. Parts are constantly inspected and measured, during both processes. After parts are finished, all parts are Ultra-Sound cleaned and coated with a rust prohibitor.

Parts received are inventoried and digital picture are documented
We would like to have the transmission disassembled if possible,we offer services to remove gears from shafts for an extra charge.
We inspect parts parts and advise if we see issues

We use BV products from Melbourne Australia. I acquired all of the knowledge and procedures during my stay there in 04/ 2015.
The experience was very exciting and I’m looking forward to share all of the beneficial results.


• reduces friction,vibration and noise
• improves Shifting on Vintage bikes and Harley Davidson’s
• Race bike application
• longer life on parts
• reduces lubricant temperatures
• reduces metal to metal pitting
• less inertia= lee friction=reduces fuel consumption
• stress relieves parts

Applications include

• gears and shafts
• camshafts
• crankshafts
• rocker arms
• valve springs
• transmission gears

For more information, please feel free to call;
Short Block Charlie/ Pro One Racing at ### ### ####.



sorry Charlie, your block’s shortness could have something to do with your vibratirry bowel

In essence this is a vibration finishing process. Uses non-abrasive media. On chemically coated machined parts. Creates a non-directional finish. Removes stress risers. Improves surface finish and edges.

Main benefits seem to be stress relief, reduced friction, less heat.

Isotropic Finish is related to the non-directional vibration finish. The chemical treatment serves to speed this process up

BV Products actually do exist. Couldnt find any medical warnings on their site.

Posted December 28, 2015 by xscafe in Motor - Gearbox, Uncategorized

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XS650: Little fault, Big problem   Leave a comment

Steffi again. Reported, again on the German forum, that the plug found on the end of the shift shaft is often missing. Falls out.

missing lead seal

missing shift shaft plug


plug 5x3mm ... set with punch

plug, steel disc, 5x3mm … sits in recess … set with punch



Posted September 5, 2012 by xscafe in Motor - Gearbox, Motor - Oil

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XS650: High Ratio Primary Gears   Leave a comment


Years ago Tony Hall used to produce these. They became harder to find than chicken lip-socks (rarer than hen’s teeth). Ivan Hoey (Australia) began producing these once more some years ago. Fits direct to the original clutch basket.

I scored a set and have been running them ever since. Love them. 3 fewer teeth on the primary gear, 5 more on the drive gear. Increases the transmission output while decreasing crank rotation.

Original        … 27:72 … 2.66

Ivan +20%  … 32:69 … 2.16

Together with Terry’s vescanite clutch dampers. The vescanite dampers don’t break like the springs.

Two of the better modifications I’ve done.


1 .. original primary gear … with vescanite dampers

original primary gear … with vescanite dampers




2 .. high ratio primary gears … with vescanite dampers

high ratio primary gears … with vescanite dampers


Ivan has just produced a new batch. Improved. The inner bush has been replaced with a needle bearing.


3 .. Ivan's new set … + needle bearing

Ivan’s new set … + needle bearing


This is a small run. If interested he is now taking orders. Requires a deposit. Email contact here …

He can also do a needle bearing conversion on your stock primary gears. Dramatically improves gear and neutral selection. Also when stationary.

Includes needle, inner and thrust races, thrust washer, 3x screws/nuts and fitting instructions.


convert original primary gears to needle bearing


XS650: Right Hand Shift   Leave a comment

Somewhere in my shed I have a right hand shift conversion for an XS650. Came off a sidecross machine. Conversion done both to allow higher gearing (larger front sprocket) and prevent clogging around the front sprocket damaging the shift mechanism.

Also found stateside on flattrack machines. These are raced anticlockwise. Left foot, ironclad, generally run along the track. Left shifting prevents quick changing and is easily damaged when dropping the bike (unless you high side of course).


1 .. taking the curve

taking the curve


Relatively easy conversion. Separate the shift claw from the shaft. Turn the shaft around so the spline faces right. Reweld to the correct spacing. Add a boss with seal to the right hand case. Bolt in. Stateside Hoos Racing provides this service.



2 .. rh case and shaft conversion

rh case and shaft conversion



3 .. from Full Circle V Twin LLC – 901 Pope Ave Unit 12 – Hagerstown MD, 21740 – .. ph 240-347-4663 -

3 .. from Full Circle V Twin LLC – 901 Pope Ave Unit 12 – Hagerstown MD, 21740 – .. ph 240-347-4663 –



foot brake and gear shift-rhs … I’ve seen the ‘replica’ … a nice bike but NOT a replica, more a watered down image of what a street legal version could have looked like … nevertheless—

foot brake and gear shift-rhs … I’ve seen the ‘replica’ … a nice bike but NOT a replica, more a watered down image of what a street legal version could have looked like … nevertheless—



5 .. Mounted



My old Triumphs and BSAs are all right hand shift too. As is my Ducati GT750. In truth I have no problem transferring between right and left shifting. Have more of a problem changing from Triumph to BSA. Triumph-1st is on the bottom. BSA-1st at the top.

Posted March 22, 2012 by xscafe in Motor - Gearbox

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XS650: Primary Gear Lash Tolerances   Leave a comment

This too has been posted. Again interesting enough to warrant its’ own post. Something that, in all the years I’ve been playing with motors, I’ve never really considered.



1 .. 285-1 ... primary drive, driven gear lash tolerances

285-1 … primary drive, driven gear lash tolerances



2 .. 285-2 ... primary gear lash tolerances

285-2 … primary gear lash tolerances


Posted November 4, 2011 by xscafe in Motor - Clutch, Motor - Crank, Motor - Gearbox

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XS650: Gearbox/Gear Spacing   Leave a comment

This was interesting. So I’ve given it it’s own post. Yeah, I know. It’s in the previous post too. However, if you’re doing a search, you will most likely miss it.



1 .. 259-1 ... gearbox spacing

259-1 … gearbox spacing



2 .. 259-2 ... transmission axles and gear spacing

259-2 … transmission axles and gear spacing



3 .. 259-3 ... spacing, gearbox

259-3 … spacing, gearbox



4 .. 259-4 ... spacing, transmission axles and gears

259-4 … spacing, transmission axles and gears



Posted November 4, 2011 by xscafe in Motor - Gearbox

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XS650: Cowboy3669 Dragracer   2 comments

Cowboy3669 … Grand Haven, W Mich, United States.

Yes, I like antique bikes. I race one, lol. Just realized that I have had an XS650 for over 30 yrs. Have my 1st one. Still. …I am the proud owner of a 78 ratbike (trophy winner) and a 650 drag bike.


… cowboy3669 at play


Where to start? After riding a 650 for about 10 years I had a good collection of complete 650s and assorted parts. So when I decided to start racing I figured ‘Might as well race what I got a good supply of parts for’. Cowboy was a nickname I was given over 20 years ago, 3669 is the # on my dragbike…..

.. my toy..


… man and toy … Ness fairing. Picked up at a swap meet years ago. Came without a wind screen. New one cost me more than the fairing did.


The biggest problem with running this engine is the lack of aftermarket parts. With the XS650 not being built since 1984 hi-performance parts are hard to find. Even some stock parts are getting hard to find.


… early version … The tank holds about 2 quarts and I cannot make two 1/4 mile passes on one tank full


There are not many people who drag-race the 650, so I had to figure a lot of things out for myself (lots of broken parts) … the turbo has been an ongoing project for about 6 years.


… turbo and clutch mods…nos bottle too


Started off with a basic bike, built a rigid back half. Ran that for couple of years. Then put nitrous on her.  Ran that for couple more years. About 6 years ago put the turbo on.

The motor is stock bore & stroke (welded crank). Cam of unknown brand. A little more lift & duration. Home designed 3spd Transmission. Turbo off an Isuzu Probe GT diesel. Fogger nitrous injected. I’m using electric over air system. It shifts alright. Now the kill is sorted. 72 in wheelbase. Runs about 10,000 rpm at the finish line. The best has been 10.33 @ 133 mph .. average 10.80 to 11.20 @125mph. … weighs 680lbs with me on it. I weigh in at about 215 in street clothes…seasonally corrected.

Mighty impresive for an old XS

With the gearing (18/37) it is pretty close to the top end.

I have not put the bike on a dyno. Those calulators that input time or mph & weight approx it to be about 125 hp at rear wheel. But I think I’m producing well over 80 hp (10.33@133mph, 690 lbs.w/rider). The only cases I broke was when a gearbox problem pushed the shift drum out. Broke the boss that holds the retaining clip and 2 screws.


5 .. unfortunately more dramatic than it looks ... bad turbo

unfortunately more dramatic than it looks … bad turbo


I think there’s some more left in it. Has been 10.33. Right now I’m fighting wheel spin at launch. Could not get traction at 60°. The 5.5’’ tyre doesn’t hook like a 10’’.

Still gathering parts to try fuel injection. There are a few sources, atv’s, outboards and other bikes…Going to stay with gas. Been looking at automotive parts also. Have plenty to look at, seeing I work in a salvage yard. … Alky would be nice, but have to get this setup figured out first, lol.

Not sure of the cost. Ongoing project. What is the opportunity cost of fun?


… crank inspection port


Not the recommended way to inspect the crank. Happens when the rod wants to be somewhere else. A bad rod. There was oil in the engine right up to the time the rod made it’s great escape.


… valve contortionist


Two different actions. The valve spring retainer broke resulting in the bent valve.

Left a mark on the piston. But not broken. Broken valve guide. Replaced head, must not have been torqued correctly. Is now.


… carb… drawing thru a 38mm round slide … there is an aux pump that sends additional fuel to the carb under full throttle.



… oops … head gasket heaven


I ran a lot of nitrous at one time. About 70 hp shot. I had more problems keeping pistons in it than I did head gaskets. Now I have a fogger nitrous system. Found it important how much nitrous I was spraying. The nitrous is on for the whole pass. Amount is controlled by changing fogger nozzle jets. For the 133 mph pass I ran a 35 hp shot on each cyl. 14 lbs of boost. Since then I use less nitrous. Backed it down to 15 hp per cyl. Saves parts. And I’m still turning 10.80’s @ 125. Also changed the final drive ratio. Try to run 15-16 lbs boost

Remember seeing one in a Pommy ( English ) mag years ago … the bike he’s talking about is probably Orange Whip. Had NOS on it and to keep the topend on it had made up 2 side engine plates and a big plate over the head with bolts running down to side plates . Even then I thought it was overkill .

I’m running 3 speed.  Stock shafts, gears and forks. Redesigned shift drum. I have the drum cut and welded to use 1st, 3rd and 5th gear. The 5 speed gave a best of 10.40 … The 3 speed so far has a best of 10.33 … 2 less shifts per pass.

It would be nice to have an auto but I have to ride back also. (He’s not talking about automatic activation, but engaging 2 gears at once, the lower gear popping out “automatically”. Like in prostock,  A-street, comp, and mod bikes.)

I’m using electric over air system.  Shifted alright. The kill worked overtime on the 2nd shift. .. I’m pretty sure the old switch was the problem, actually the brass part. The piston inside had gotten dried out before and had gotten stuck. Slow to return. Lube up the piston, problem usually stopped.

Me mate wanted to ditch the mechanical switch. Replace it. Wire directly in place of the old.

He had a few questions:

How do you have the air switch wired in? Is your air shift button supplying a + or – to the solenoid? .. …. the kill is wired in the + side of the coil where it’s been wired since I put a airshifter on the bike

Do you need the same kill time for both shifts? … Didn’t think I needed the same kill for the 2-3 shift.

Any idea what youre using for a kill time? …..  I was using the brass/micro switch so what ever the standard kill time is.

Stock coil and ignition? … Sent him a spare set.

Any idea how much current the coil draws? … ?????????

He was sure he could come up with something reliable. … And he did

There are four wires.

+ Power In – went to the old switch

Ground – needed to add this wire to the battery

+ Coil Out – went to the old switch

+ Trigger In – needed to run a new wire right from the air shift button or solenoid

Do not need a diode in parallel with the solenoid for this unit to work. If there is one, it’s fine.

New timer worked the same. Press button: supply + to the air solenoid and timer. The timer  cuts power to the coil for some length of time. This dead time has nothing to do with how long you hold the button. It cuts power every time you push the button. Very simple, no frills. There’s a diagnostic LED. Turns on when power to the coil is cut. LED wont turn on if the wiring to the coil is bad. Just an easy check.

He said ‘Looks like shit. Cased in heat shrink tube. Filled, so vibration is no problem. Maybe 1″ X 1.5″ X 2″. Easy to find a place for. Or let dangle. Or not.’

He wasn’t sure what I needed for kill time so gave up to 150mS. I had the bike ready for the timer. Met one Saturday we both ran. Brought it with him. And the rain stayed away.

Afterwards he remarked ‘I bet you thought that it would never work!’ LOL. ‘I think you just need to play with it now. Put in a new line and get rid of the T fitting. Toss that old mechanical thing in a box somewhere for later.’

Good to be back in the 10’s….Sweet!!.

Time to fine tune. And remount.

I’m using a IHI off a Probe GT. Carb is a 38mm round slide mikuni. Internal wastegate. 15-16lb’s boost. The oil feed comes out of the right side cover by the outlet from pump. The outlet is connected to a small 12 volt pump that pumps the oil into a fitting that is in place of the neutral light switch.

Some things to think about:

Oil heat- Do you need to put a cooler on the turbo oil feed line ?

Stock oil pump- Can it keep up with the turbo and the rest of the engine? If the stock pump can feed oil coolers ok, can it run a turbo too ?

Oil return-Is it better to put the turbo up above the case oil level so you dont have to run a return pump-gravity return ? What about putting the turbo out front, as low as possible, as close to the center as it will fit ? Keeps a short header for spool purposes.

Blowthrough needs a fuel pump- Can the stock electrical system handle the draw with everything else on?

H20 injection ? – Better than an intercooler ? For shorter intake plumbing and less crap hanging off the bike. Would it mess with the carbs to have water going through there ?

Boost ? – With stock pistons, pump premium, and no intercooler maybe 10psi max?  … Depend on the turbo I suppose.

This guy ( Kev from Oz) is doing some pretty far out stuff as well as the turbo but definitely has some awesome ideas like that AWIC. (air/water intercoolervery nice, but xstra weight)

Here are some pics of the pump I use to transfer the oil from the turbo back to the engine. The pump is a generic fuel pump from Autozone. I think it cost me 25 or 30 dollars.


… pump and plumbing






This where I tapped into the side cover for the feed to the turbo. … haven’t had any problem with the line. Only wrecked one turbo because of lack of oil pressure. The line was plugged.


… oil feed direct from pump…lots of flow


That line is tapped right at the pump outlet. There may not be much pressure but there is a lot of flow.

Not running coolant lines. The feed line for the oil comes off the right cover at the outlet from the filter. The return (drain) from the turbo goes to a small electric fuel pump, and is returned to the engine at a fitting in the cases above the trans – neutral switch. Most of the parts were already in my stash. Not sure on the A/R.

A/R, Aspect Ratio, is the rated volumetric efficiency of a turbos 2 sections


14 .. measuring Aspect Ratio

measuring Aspect Ratio



Picking A/R comes down to spool time vs. top end power band.
You need to decide where you want your power band and plan accordingly from the start.

Not only Power band should decide A/R, but cam selection, heads, intake compression ratio, rear gears ….. there’s a lot to this and no magical method or perfect right or wrong answer.


… no intercooler – dont want a bomb…this long tube is part of the intake


No intercooler. With the draw thru, an intercooler will let the fuel fall out of suspension (turns the intercooler into a bomb). The long tube on my system is just part of the intake tract. I think draw thru systems make just about the same amount of power. They’re just a little less compilcated …. Don’t know if it’s any better to have a long intake but I didn’t have room to put the turbo behind the engine like most draw-thru systems do. So out front it went. Seems to work alright for this set up.

Lag, the problem with using too large of a turbo. That’s why I use nitrous. No problem now.

Lag can be reduced in a number of ways. ( Not to be confused with Boost Threshhold)

  1.      by lowering the rotational inertia of the turbocharger; for example by using lighter, lower radius parts to allow the spool-up to happen more quickly. Ceramic turbines are of benefit in this regard.
  2.     by changing the aspect ratio of the turbine.
  3.     by increasing the upper-deck air pressure (compressor discharge) and improving the wastegate response;  helpful – cost and reliability disadvantages.
  4.     by reducing bearing frictional losses;  using  foil bearings rather than  conventional oil bearings  reduces friction contributing  faster rotational acceleration.
  5.     Variable-nozzle turbochargers greatly reduce lag.
  6.     by decreasing the volume of the upper-deck piping.
  7.     by using multiple turbos, sequentially or in parallel.

The gauge reads about 15-16lbs of boost. I estimate about 100+ hp.

Not sure about what size turbo would be best for the street. My turbo came off a 2200 cc engine. I use nitrous to help spool up. No idea how mine would work on street without the nitrous.

There so few of us putting turbo’s on XS’s. All we can do is fab the systems up and work from there.

Some great turbo related info… rbracing

If you’re gonna go the extreme of installing a turbo, you might as well address the lazy ports on the XS head. Assists the breathing and expelling of burnt gases.

The clutch is a weak spot, especially running nitrous. I had a Suzuki clutch for a couple of years, but the basket broke (big mess). Still needed periodic maintenance due to slippage .


… banshee centrifugal assist…makes a difference


This is the clutch in the dragbike. Now. A stock 650 clutch pack. And lockup. From a Banshee. The centrifugal assist was made for the banshee. Had to modify the holes to the spacing of the xs bolt centers, approx  0.030 out. I also had to make spacers for the springs and to get the lock-up head in the right position. And redo the side cover.


… 3669



… .and again … go yamaha.. the fuel tank part is actually the result of using a stock tank as a mold.I cut the tank at the seam, laid up fiberglass inside. then molded to the body I made .


Some other interesting dragxsters…


orange whip … burnt out, the proverbial phoenix – rose from the ashes to become Whiplash .. see the plates and external bolts – to hold the head on



… Whiplash, the next generation


More pics here.


kenny d … Back in the ‘day’, safety was not paramount (nice gloves & boots!) … not an XS but I liked the pic



sprint … limeyland



… supercharged



… from the late 70s. It was run on alcohol. Air shifter, total loss MSD ignition.



… re-phased  crank and cam,  transmission cut off the extra cases,  frame stretched fifteen inches … Dyna ignition set up with a Suzuki advancer for the rear motor, both motors lit with dual output coils.



… 70′s Twin-Engine Yamaha Drag Bike.  This twin-engine top fuel drag racer was built in the early 70′s , recently only used as a static display. These bikes were started on a set of rollers using a car as power. Pull in the clutch, get the rear tire spinning on the rollers, and fire the bike. These were high gear only affairs, and ran in the 170 mph range.  One throttle operates all four carbs, and one clutch lever on the handle bar operates rear motor clutch and trans. The motors are connected using a Gates-Gilmer type belt… A new M+H Racemaster slick is mounted out back with a new smooth hard rubber race only tire on the front…nicely designed and constructed… It is scary to think about how much power is accessible via that little chrome clutch lever. The front suspension design is interesting on its own, and the long frame and engine placement means no wheelie-bar.



another twin



… from Dutch Trash Choppers



… Check out this wild XS650 drag bike project. The cylinderhead is turned around backwards. The front wheel is from a Puch Maxi moped.


For a run down on reverse heads check out Terry’s site. Scroll down.


… reverse head



a little closer



halco 840 out for the day



ready for action



…drag day .. street


Or this, found out in the wops,


… supercharged 4lb boost